The USA is the fourth largest country in the world, it includes all the climatic zones and is washed by three oceans: The Pacific Ocean, the Atlantic Ocean and the Arctic Ocean. Despite the widely spread opinion, that divers have nowhere else to go in America besides the tourist regions of Florida and California, diving is well developed in many other places on the West and East Coasts. Same is true for the numerous lakes as well. Varied climate, vast aquatic territories and a lot of alluring islands- America has something unique to offer to every diver. You can enjoy the local diversity of underwater life, try cave diving or wreck diving at one of the numerous reefs here. Besides, diving is often available all the year round in many locations, however, in winter you may need a wetsuit when diving in the northern regions.
Florida is called the diving capital of the USA. The underwater world is rich and intriguing: there are a lot of natural and artificial reefs and wrecks by the shore. Besides, Florinda boasts a well-developed diving infrastructure. You should also visit the rocky underwater reefs of California, volcanic landscapes near the Hawaiian coast, wrecks of North Carolina and freshwater bodies: for example, Lake Michigan with its mysterious underwater "Stonehenge" which was discovered by scientists in 2007.
Many dive shops offer their services on West and East Coasts. They provide training and retraining programmes, as well as tours for different levels: to the most popular dive spots, cave diving, wreck diving and night diving. Quite a few underwater equipment manufacturers decided to base their headquarters in the USA, so divers have a wide variety from which to choose.
Spring is the end of dry season in Florida and the beginning of a hot and rainy period. The number of sunny days increases and the air temperature rises to +32-33 °C, while the water warms up to +25 °C.
The average air temperature in Florida during summer varies from 26 °С in the north to 28 °С in the south, the maximum temperature seldom reaches 38 °С. In summer months Florida is also exposed by tropical cyclones.
Autumn the start of the dry season. The air temperature settles at +28-29 °С; the water temperature is +26-27 °C. There are fewer sunny days in November.
Due to the mild winter in Miami, the resort enjoys particular popularity through this season. Moreover, winter is the high season in Miami. The average air temperature varies from +12 °С in the north to +20 °С in the south.
You will come across four-meter-long sea cows among intricately shaped grottos in Kings Bay. A picturesque chain of wrecks leading from Fort Lauderdale to Miami. 3 oil platforms, M-60 tanks, a large barge are just some of them. Visit John Pennenkamp Coral Reef, that has become home for dozens of species of corals and over 600 species of fish. We also highly recommend diving in caves of North Florida.
The healthcare standard in the US is high, however, it is impossible to be attended to without presenting insurance: in some cases, an absence of insurance may result in a fine. People usually go to the hospital only in severe cases. However, there are medical isles (or an ER) in many pharmacies, where you can get first aid in case of minor accident or illness. Such services typically cost between $20 and $40. Vaccinations against polio, tetanus, diphtheria are necessary before visiting the country. As for safety, the rate of pickpocketing is very high in some big cities. Experienced tourists advise not to leave valuables and cash in your hotel room.
Contact with jellyfish will be unpleasant. For example, the lion's mane jellyfish has long tentacles, up to 30 meters, which can damage the skin deeply. Touching swim bladder of Physalia, mostly known as Portuguese man o' war, will cause severe inflammation.
During the North American colonisation, familiar English dishes were mixed with Indian cooking traditions and received a new taste. Here is a bright example: love of smoked meat and outdoor barbecue. The favourite soft drink, Coca-Cola, has also inherited the distinct taste of a local plant. American cuisine is often associated with fast food, and a variety of fast food restaurants is awe-inspiring here. Still, gastronomic habits are very diverse in different states. If you are in Florida, you should try the traditional lime pie. Tap water in the USA is usually safe and suitable for drinking.