England is situated on a large archipelago located in the northeast of continental Europe. This country is not associated with diving, however, diving is available here as well. This place is different from sunny tropical islands, popular among divers. It is much colder here, and the underwater world is not so colourful and diverse. But England's waters are full of surprises.
They are mostly shipwrecks, because England is an island state and sailing has been the main means of traveling and communicating with other countries for many years. Most of them are found in the waters of the English Channel. The wrecks are at different depths, so even beginners may dive there.
There are various types of underwater fauna in England, from tiny seahorses to giant whale sharks.
There are a lot of well-equipped dive shops in England. They offer all kinds of programmes — from familiarizing dives to instructor courses and organizing technical dives to deep water objects. As the water near the English coasts is quite cold, you can only dive in a wetsuit.
In spring, the English fog is replaced by the sun, but it rains frequently. The air temperature varies from +13 to 16 °C, the water temperature stays at +11 °C. The diving season starts in May.
You can dive all summer in England. The hottest month is July when the temperature reaches 28 °C. The water temperature is 17 °C. August brings monsoons and rain to the country.
In autumn the air temperature decreases to +10 °C, the water is a bit warmer (+14 °C). September and October are relatively dry, in November monsoons come from the Atlantic and fog covers the country.
In winter the temperature of coastal waters in England doesn't go above +5° C, the diving season is closed. The air temperature from December to February is between +5 and +6 °C. The weather is mostly wet, and humidity reaches 95-100%.
Stoney Cove dive site is a flooded quarry. It has become one of the most visited places in England. Beginners can practice diving here. They dive to the fissures and small rocks located at different depths, which are inhabited by a great number of giant pikes and rockfish.
The RMS Alaunia steamboat has been at the bottom of the English Channel since 1916. Although the site is well explored, something new is often found. The ship is very large, so you will have to dive several times in order to explore it all.
The healthcare system in England is well developed. It is free for the natives but tourists will have to pay for an appointment. Only first aid is free. So we recommend that you get an international medical insurance. There haven't been serious infectious diseases here for a long time, so there are no necessary vaccinations.
The crime rate in England is low — it is a law-based state with a strong police force. You should follow standard safety rules in the street and in public places. You should also remember that serious terrorist attacks took place here.
English coastal waters have become warmer because of global warming. Now, there is more seaweed which attracts fish and predators, which in turn attack humans. These include mako sharks which appear in coastal areas. There have been cases of white and blue sharks attacking humans.
The main ingredients of British dishes are fish, meat and potatoes cooked in different ways (roast, French fries/chips, crisps, pies, mash). Despite the widespread stereotype, English breakfast doesn't always include oatmeal. The most popular breakfast is scrambled eggs with different ingredients: bacon, bread, mushrooms, beans, tomatoes etc. For lunch, British people prefer sandwiches, also with different fillings. One of the most famous sandwiches is with tuna, corn and mayonnaise. And of course, we have to mention the traditional English five o'clock tea!
Tea is served with sweet things, such as buns with raisins, buttercream and jam. For dinner English people usually have steaks with vegetables or potatoes. In England there is a special tradition for Sunday's lunch — Sunday Roast Carvery. For the main dish, they have roast meat with potatoes and vegetables, and also Yorkshire pudding. Tap water in the country is completely safe.