Puerto Rico is located in the centre of the Caribbean Sea between Virginia Island and the Dominican Republic. Puerto Rico is made up of a group of the Greater Antilles and a few smaller islands. The most famous are Mona, Isla de Vieques, Culebra, Desecheo and Caja de Muertos. You will find wonderful beaches and incredible underwater landscapes here. The island is surrounded by fascinating coral reefs, grottos and vertical walls, seaweed forests and mangroves. The sea is inhabited by about 700 species of fish and molluscs, and several species of turtles, crabs and rays. During the dive, you can look at dolphins, marlins, silky sharks and parrotfish living in local waters.
The diving industry in Puerto Rico is well developed, so you will not have any problems finding dive shops. Almost all the instructors speak several languages and provide diving for different levels of training. You can take an underwater photography course to take photos of amazing underwater scenery here.
Spring in Puerto Rico is hot and comfortable for diving. The temperature stays around 28 °C, at the end of May it rises to 30 °C. At night, the temperature doesn't go below +17 °C.
The climate of Puerto Rico is perfect for holidays in any season of the year, but summer months are the hottest. In summer daytime, air temperature reaches 30 °C, and at night it doesn't go below 22 °С. However, the end of June is the beginning of the hurricane season.
In Puerto Rico, it rains more in the autumn than it does in the summer. The temperature drops insignificantly, by 1-2 degrees on average, and is about 29 °C. The season of possible hurricanes continues, so don't forget about safety rules.
Winter months are cool and the least rainy, but the average temperature is the same as in other seasons. The air temperature from December to February is about 28 °C.
Uninhabited islands of Puerto Rico are especially interesting to visit. For example, there is Desecheo Island where you can visit Candyland Reef full of exotic fish. And Las Cuevas caves which extend to a depth of 25 metres. Patti’s Reef is attractive for beginners as it is not deeper than 12 meters. For an exotic feeling, go to Mosquito Bay. The water is myseriously illuminated at night there.
At the moment the level of medical services in Puerto Rico is very low, as all the qualified doctors have moved to countries with higher salaries. There are only 20 clinics in Puerto Rico. This is a result of insufficient financing of healthcare facilities. That's why tourists should get insurance. The recommended vaccinations are against hepatitis A and B, measles, rubella, the flu. Puerto Rico is among the safest countries in Latin America, with high living standards. One of the problems in the country is drug addiction.
All the beaches and popular diving sites of Puerto Rico are surrounded by coral reefs and rocks, so they are protected from dangerous sea animals, such as sharks. However, diving in the open sea can be dangerous, so it is recommended to follow safety instructions.
The Puerto Rican cuisine is very varied. It has been influenced by Indian, African and, of course, Spanish traditions. The Spanish influence is expressed in dishes with stewed meat (pork or beef), wheat, rice and beans with olive oil and other oils. African features involve herbs, spices and exotic ingredients, such as okra and taro. As a result there is a unique and distinctive blend of cooking traditions with plenty of wonderful dishes. Try sancocho — beef stewed with vegetables, ternera la parmesana — veal with Parmesan, lechon asado — barbecued pork with roast bananas, and pollo al jerez — poultry stewed in sherry. Tap water is dangerous, so it is better to buy bottled water.