Australia is a country which occupies a continent with the same name, and its shores are washed by multiple waters by the Indian Ocean, the Pacific Ocean, the Coral Sea, the Timor Sea (Indonesian: Laut Timor, Portuguese: Mar Timor), the Arafura Sea and the Tasman Sea. Therefore, the country has become one of the most popular places among divers. One can say that it's a dream of many people who are fascinated with underwater world, that dazzles with a variety of views and beauty. You can even meet a crocodile here! Having arrived to the continent you can order a diving safari or you can choose daily diving. Whatever you chose you will surely enjoy the beauty of the underwater world. You can not only look at fish and algae but also unravel mysteries of a variaty of shipwrecks, which can be found all over in the waters surrounding Australia.
In Queensland, you could visit the Great Barrier Reef and New South Wales offers year-round diving. There are about 30 sites in this region. The waters off the coast of the Victoria state conceal many shipwrecks. If you are interested in beauty of the underwater world, then you should go to South Australia; and in West Australia you can meet sharks. Tasman Island will amaze you with abundance of algae, grottos and rock structures, and the waters of the Northern Territory are full of corals and coral reef fish.
The most popular dive shops are located at Lizard, Heron and Whitsunday islands. They are focused on the Great Barrier Reef. One more point of attraction of divers is the Ningaloo Reef on the Western coast of Australia and the South in general. Want to try a diving safari? Go to Cairns.
When it's autumn in the Northern hemisphere, warm spring starts in the Southern hemisphere. The air warms up to +24 ˚С during the day. Then the diving season could be declared opened. The water temperature contributes to this very much – it's +25 ˚С, and November is the ideal time to meet the giant oceanic manta rays.
In Australia summer stretches from December to February. The air heats up to +30... + 45 ˚С. Summer here is the rainy season, and the northern part of the continent it can be stormy. The water temperature is comfortable but there are a lot of sharks.
March to May is Australian autumn. Up to the middle of April, the water temperature is +20 ˚C. The average ambient temperature is 25 ˚C, but by the end of May it decreases. During this time sharks leave coastal waters. It's happy time for those who would like to avoid these predators.
It's winter in Australia from June to August. The water temperature rarely exceeds +20 °C and the "dry season" starts. The average ambient temperature in Sydney is +16 °С, and in the desert there are frosts at night. It's not the best season for diving.
The best dive site in Sydney is the Magic Point. A dive to sharks at the depth up to 16 meters is offered there. Those who enjoy exploring shipwrecks are going to like diving on the Adelaide destroyer, while cave amateurs will like a dive to the underwater cave Fish Rock Cave.
In general, Australia is a safe country for tourists but you should remember to follow some rules.
Prior to your trip, you should get yellow fever, tetanus, typhoid fever, diphtheria and rubella vaccinations.
Due to high sun activity, for the first few days you should avoid direct sunlight, drink plenty of water and use sunscreens. Also, It is not recommended to walk barefoot on the grass in the evening in order to avoid poisonous snakes and insect bites. If you are planning on going to the Queensland state and the Northern Territory, it is advised to pack insect and mosquito repellents. These insects transmit dengue fever and Ross River fever.
Don't drink water from streams and rivers.
Upon arriving to the country, the tourists are recommended to get private insurance certificates for foreigners which would cover the costs of the most necessary medical services. But during the "waiting period" you would have to relay on your own finantial resourses to cover them.
In the waters of Great Barrier Reef lives the Conidae, one of the most dangerous dwellers of Australia. You should also avoid the tiger sharks, the whiptail stingrays, the Dubois' sea snake, the blue-ringed octopus, the sea wasp, the great white shark and the saltwater crocodile.
In Australia, the legendary tortoise soup is no longer offered, however, every adventurer will surely try the medium rare steak from kangaroo meat, as well as emu dishes. With the arrival of the British, they began to breed and eat rabbits on the mainland. A traditional tasty and rich soup is made from a kangaroo tail. A traditional local small-sized pie (they are more like savoury pasties) stuffed with roasted meat and vegetables with cheese is an integral part of the serving. And a favorite dessert of Australians is the Pavlova cake, named after the Russian ballerina.
The most non-squeamish and curious can try the aboriginal dishes: all kinds of larvae, eggs of amphibians, fried monitor lizards and crocodiles. In Australian cities and towns the water is safe, but there are still villages on the continent where there is no running water and only bottled water is consumed.